Activities during preschool – What do they learn?

12 questions to ask when choosing a preschool in Singapore, Lifestyle News  - AsiaOnePreschool is an essential phase in a child’s educational journey, providing them with a solid foundation for future academic and social success. 

During this period, children engage in a range of activities that stimulate their cognitive, physical, emotional, and social development.

 Preschool activities are carefully designed to be both educational and enjoyable, fostering curiosity, creativity, and a love for learning. 

In this article, we will explore the various activities that take place during preschool and discuss the valuable skills and knowledge that children acquire through these experiences.

Play-Based Learning

Play is an integral part of early childhood development, and preschools recognize its significance in fostering learning.

 Play-based learning activities provide children with opportunities to explore, experiment, and make sense of the world around them. 

Through imaginative play, children develop problem-solving skills, creativity, and language abilities. 

Pretend play scenarios, such as playing house or setting up a grocery store, enhance social skills, cooperation, and conflict resolution.

Language and Literacy Development

Preschool offers a conducive environment for children to develop language and literacy skills. speech and drama classes is where children listen to stories and engage in discussions, promotes vocabulary expansion, comprehension, and listening skills. 

Rhymes, songs, and fingerplays enhance phonological awareness, preparing children for reading and writing.

 Letter recognition, basic phonics, and pre-writing activities help children develop early literacy skills and set the foundation for future academic success.

Mathematics and Problem-Solving

Preschool activities introduce children to basic mathematical concepts in a playful manner. Counting games, sorting activities, and shape recognition exercises help children develop number sense, spatial awareness, and logical reasoning skills. 

Through hands-on experiences, such as building with blocks or using manipulatives, children understand fundamental mathematical principles like size, quantity, and measurement. These activities lay the groundwork for more complex math concepts in later years.

Science Exploration

Preschool provides an excellent platform for young minds to explore and understand the natural world.

 Science activities encourage children to observe, ask questions, and seek answers. Simple experiments, such as mixing colors or planting seeds, foster critical thinking, prediction skills, and an appreciation for the scientific process. 

Nature walks, gardening, and animal observations promote curiosity, environmental awareness, and a sense of wonder.

Artistic Expression

Art activities in preschool offer children a creative outlet to express themselves and develop fine motor skills. Painting, drawing, and sculpting encourage imagination, hand-eye coordination, and concentration. 

Engaging in various art forms, such as collage, clay modeling, or fabric art, helps children learn about different materials and textures. 

Art also serves as a means of self-expression and boosts children’s confidence and self-esteem.

Social and Emotional Development

Preschool is a crucial period for children to develop social and emotional skills, laying the foundation for healthy relationships and self-awareness. 

Group activities, such as circle time, collaborative projects, and games, promote communication, sharing, and cooperation.

 Through interactions with peers and teachers, children learn empathy, conflict resolution, and emotional regulation. 

Preschool activities also encourage children to develop independence, decision-making skills, and a positive self-concept.

Physical Development

Preschool activities prioritize physical development and gross motor skills. Outdoor play, obstacle courses, and sports activities enhance coordination, balance, and spatial awareness.

 Fine motor activities, such as cutting, threading beads, and playing with manipulatives, strengthen hand muscles, promoting dexterity and pencil grip for future writing skills.

 Engaging in physical play not only promotes healthy lifestyles but also supports overall cognitive and emotional development.

Performing arts class

In addition to the aforementioned activities, many preschools offer performing arts classes to introduce children to the world of music, dance, and theater.

 These classes provide a creative outlet for children to explore their artistic talents and develop confidence in expressing themselves.

Music activities in preschool often involve singing songs, playing simple instruments, and engaging in rhythm exercises. 

Through these activities, children develop their auditory skills, a sense of beat and timing, and an appreciation for different types of music. Music also has a positive impact on language development, memory, and cognitive abilities.

Dance classes expose children to different movement patterns, coordination exercises, and basic dance techniques.

 Children learn to express themselves through body movements, improve their balance and spatial awareness, and develop a sense of rhythm and creativity. Dance classes also promote physical fitness, self-discipline, and teamwork.

Theater activities allow children to explore their imaginations, develop storytelling skills, and build confidence in public speaking. 

Through role-playing, improvisation, and dramatic play, children enhance their communication skills, empathy, and understanding of different perspectives. Theater activities also nurture creativity, critical thinking, and problem-solving abilities.

Performing arts classes in preschool not only cultivate artistic abilities but also contribute to the overall development of children. 

These classes encourage self-expression, boost self-esteem, and foster collaboration and teamwork. They provide a platform for children to showcase their talents and develop a love for the arts from an early age.

Singing and dancing classes

Singing and dancing are two expressive forms of art that hold a special place in preschool activities. These classes provide children with opportunities to explore their voices, develop motor skills, and express themselves creatively through movement and music.

Singing classes in preschool involve learning and singing a variety of songs, including nursery rhymes, folk songs, and age-appropriate tunes. 

Through singing and dancing classes for 4 year olds they improve their vocal range, pitch, and clarity of speech. 

Singing also helps develop language skills, memory, and cognitive abilities. Participating in group singing activities promotes a sense of community and cooperation among children.

Dancing classes allow children to explore different movement patterns, coordination exercises, and dance routines. They learn basic dance steps, body awareness, and rhythm through fun and engaging activities. 

Dancing enhances physical fitness, gross motor skills, and spatial awareness. It also promotes self-expression, creativity, and emotional well-being.

Singing and dancing classes in preschool offer numerous benefits to children. They help develop confidence in performing in front of others, enhance listening skills, and foster an appreciation for music and movement. 

These classes encourage children to express their emotions and thoughts in a non-verbal manner, fostering self-esteem and self-awareness. 

Moreover, singing and dancing promote physical fitness and healthy habits from an early age.

Preschool singing and dancing classes often culminate in performances or showcases, where children can demonstrate their newfound skills to parents and peers. 

These events instill a sense of accomplishment and pride in children, boosting their confidence and motivation to continue exploring the world of performing arts.


Preschool activities are carefully designed to provide children with a holistic learning experience. 

Through play-based learning, language and literacy development, mathematics exploration, science experiments, artistic expression, and social and emotional interactions, children acquire a wide range of valuable skills and knowledge. 

Preschool lays the foundation for future academic success, fostering curiosity, critical thinking, creativity, and social skills that will benefit children throughout their lives. 

By recognizing the importance of preschool activities, we can support the optimal development of our children and pave the way for a bright future.